Coronavirus: Six months after pandemic declared, where are global hotspots?

Mothers bring their children for vaccination Delhi, India, 9 Sept 2020

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Coronavirus is continuing its spread across the world, with more than 27 million confirmed cases in 188 countries. About 900,000 people have lost their lives.

Exactly six months after the World Health Organization declared a pandemic – a worldwide spread – cases of the disease are continuing to surge in many countries. Some that had apparent success in suppressing initial outbreaks have seen infections rise again.

However, the number of confirmed cases during the spring peak is likely to be an underestimate of the true level of infection, as widespread testing was not available in many countries earlier in the year.

Confirmed cases around the world

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28,127,860 cases

909,635 deaths

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Circles show number of confirmed coronavirus cases per country.

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies

Figures last updated

11 September 2020, 09:28 BST

Note: The map, table and animated bar chart in this page use a different source for figures for France from that used by Johns Hopkins University, which results in a slightly lower overall total. US figures do not include Puerto Rico, Guam or the US Virgin Islands.

Where are cases and deaths rising?

Asia and Latin America are the continents that currently have the highest number of daily confirmed cases.

India now has the second largest number of confirmed cases in the world, behind the United States, after a recent surge in reported infections.

Newly recorded cases have hit 90,000 a day. In August, India saw cases increase by almost two million, the highest single-month rise reported anywhere in the world during the pandemic.

The surge comes as the government continues to lift restrictions to try to boost the economy, but is also a reflection of increased testing – as daily tests have risen to more than a million.

Given the size of its population, India has a low death rate from Covid-19. But nearly 1,000 deaths have been recorded every day from across the country since 2 September.

In Latin America, Brazil has the highest number of deaths, with more than 128,000 so far. It has also recorded more than four million cases, the third highest in the world.

Newly confirmed cases in the region are also rising in Argentina, which now has more than half a million in total. The country recorded its highest daily total so far – more than 12,000 – on Tuesday.

In the Middle East, Iran has been badly affected by the virus and documents leaked to the BBC Persian service suggest the death toll there is more than double the official total, which currently stands at more than 22,000. Neighbouring Iraq has also seen a spike in cases.

Cases are also continuing to rise in Indonesia and the country has recorded more than 8,000 deaths – the highest number in South East Asia.

Africa has recorded more than a million confirmed cases, although the true extent of the pandemic in the continent is not known. Testing rates are reported to be low, which could distort official estimates.

South Africa and Egypt have seen the largest recorded outbreaks so far, with South Africa one of only 10 countries in the world to record more than 500,000 confirmed cases.

The World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, has warned: “No country can just pretend the pandemic is over.”

Coronavirus cases rising again in Europe

France and Spain have recently recorded their highest numbers of daily cases since the spring, and the WHO has warned of a possible resurgence of the disease in Europe in October and November.

Spain has now become the first country in the EU to pass half a million, adding 100,000 new cases in the last month.

Hans Kluge, the director general of the WHO’s Europe office, has likened Covid-19 to a “tornado with a long tail” and warned that rising cases among young people could spread the disease to more vulnerable older people.

A number of countries have re-imposed local lockdowns in their worst-affected regions, and there have been renewed appeals for people to wear face coverings and follow social distancing rules.

The pattern of rising infections following the end of lockdown restrictions is not limited to Europe.

Other countries that have seen a resurgence of the virus include Peru, Israel, South Korea and Australia.

In the table below, countries can be reordered by deaths, death rate and total cases. In the coloured bars on the right-hand side, countries in which cases have risen to more than 5,000 per day are those with black bars on the relevant date.

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This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

** The past data for new cases is a three day rolling average. Due to revisions in the number of cases, an average cannot be calculated for this date.

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies and UN population data

Figures last updated: 7 September 2020, 09:50 BST

Cases in the US have slowed after second surge

The US has had more than six million cases of coronavirus, almost a quarter of the world’s total. It saw an increase in the number of daily cases to record levels in July, but the numbers have fallen since then.

With more than 190,000 deaths, the US has the world’s highest death toll.

A projection from the University of Washington suggests there could be more than 400,000 deaths by the end of the year, though it says this could be reduced to 286,000 if 95% of Americans wear masks in public.

The outbreak has had a devastating impact on the US economy, with GDP falling by a record rate of 33% in the three months from April to June.

How did coronavirus spread?

The virus, which causes the respiratory infection Covid-19, was first detected in the city of Wuhan, China, in late 2019.

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The outbreak spread quickly across the globe in the first months of 2020 and declared a global pandemic by the WHO on 11 March.

A pandemic is when an infectious disease is passing easily from person to person in many parts of the world at the same time.

Europe and North America saw their first major outbreaks in April but as they began to ease, Latin America and Asia started seeing cases spike.

Governments across the world have been forced to limit public movement and close businesses and venues in a bid to slow the spread of the virus. This has had a devastating impact on the global economy.

The International Monetary Fund has said the world is in the midst of the worst recession since the Great Depression and warned that it could take two years for economic output to return to pre-pandemic levels.

The United Nations has said that up to 265 million people could face starvation by the end of the year because of the impact of Covid-19.

About this data

The data used on this page comes from a variety of sources. It includes figures collated by Johns Hopkins University, data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, national governments and health agencies, as well as UN data on populations.

When comparing figures from different countries it is important to bear in mind that not all governments are recording coronavirus cases and deaths in the same way. This makes like for like comparisons between countries difficult.

Other factors to consider include: different population sizes, the size of a country’s elderly population or whether a particular country has a large amount of its people living in densely-populated areas. In addition, countries may be in different stages of the pandemic.